Earthquake and Tsunami Disaster in Japan Reinforces Need for Global Pet Emergency Preparedness

March 12, 2011

Photo of GOES 11 Satellite Sees Pacific Ocean Basin After Japan Quake

The 8.9 earthquake off the coast of Honshu, Japan is reportedly the 5th strongest ever recorded.  The quake created a tsunami which dealt a destructive blow to the humans and pets inhabiting Japan’s cities, towns, and rural areas.

As tsunami like waves from the Japanese earthquake affected multiple states along the west coast of the United States, the California Emergency Management Agency released warnings for California coastal cities.
In the ensuing aftermath of the world’s latest natural disaster, I feel compelled to share my perspective on pet emergency preparedness.
 
Be aware of your pet’s location
In the urgency of a natural disaster or other emergency, sometimes a pet’s location may be unknown.  Cats and small dogs can hide in a closet, under a bed, or elsewhere in attempt to escape the stress and potential harm.  Medium and large breed dogs typically make their presence more obvious, but they may instinctually flee from a dangerous scene unbeknownst to their concerned owner.
Be consistently aware of your pet’s location in your house, yard, or public place.  Frequently observe your pet’s habits, including their preferential location to nap, nest, or hide.  Knowing your pet’s “free time” habits can facilitate their discovery in the face of an emergency.
 
Have your pet wear identification
Should your pet escape your home environment, a safe return may occur more readily if the lost pet bears up to date identification.  Fit your dog or cat with a cervical (neck) collar embroidered with or displaying a tag displaying the pet’s name and (at least) your phone number or email.
Collars can be removed or fall off, therefore microchip implantation increases the likelihood you will be reunited with your pet.  Keep your personal information up to date with the microchip manufacturer.
As microchip identification requires a scanner and collars can go missing, the use of both is ideal.
 
Photo of Cardiff Wears a Life Preserver in Preparation for a Water Disaster
Transport your pet in a manner promoting security
If a sudden crisis forces you to flee your home environment, make sure to transport your pet in an a secure manner.  Cats and small dogs should be placed in a protective (rigid or soft), airline approved carrier.  Your pet’s name, species, color, breed, and weight, along with your contact information, should be easily visible on the outside of the carrier.
Medium and large breed dogs are not easily transported via carrier, use a cervical collar or chest harness and leash to maintain control of your pet’s movements.
Cardiff lends his image of how he prepares for a water emergency by wearing a life vest.

Promote a stress reduced state for your pet
Encourage a calmer state by giving your pet a dose of a stress relieving product, such as Rescue Remedy Pet, 1-2 hours before a potentially distressing event.  I often administer this product to my patients in conjunction with acupuncture treatments to promote better acceptance the sensation initially caused by needle insertion. See my discussion of Rescue Remedy use in pets by following this ZooToo TV link.
 
Keep pet supplies and medications readily accessible
To ensure the ongoing health of your pet, keep supplies and food in easily accessible and transportable containers.  As many pets need consistent treatment to manage chronic conditions, an emergency could cause a therapeutic interruption.
My dog, Cardiff, has Immune Mediated Hemolytic Anemia (IMHA), so I use a Monday through Friday AM/PM pill dispenser to keep his medication and supplements organized whether we are at home or traveling.

Photo of Cardiff AM PM Pill Dispenser

To reduce the likelihood your pet will suffer from digestive upset associated with food changes, keep containers of food supplying multiple portions ready in case of abrupt departure.

Photo of Shanna Australian Shepherd Pet Pac You can make a DIY (Do It Yourself) kit at home, or purchase one of the excellent canine or feline options available through Pet-Pac (“the pet evacuation and travel kit”). I recently met with the proprietors (and their loyal Australian Shepherd mascot, Shanna) of Pet-Pac, learned about the contents of these survival sets, and will be soon be acquiring one for planned or emergency travel with Cardiff.
 
Alert emergency personnel of your pet’s presence in your home
To better alert emergency personnel of your pet’s presence in your home, post a notification in a clearly viewed window.  In 2009, the American Kennel Club (AKC) and ADT Security Services partnered to create window clings so pet owners can write information about their pet (dog, cat, other, date).  I hope the clings will eventually include more details, such as those mentioned in the above section about safe pet transport.
 
Seek veterinary care immediately
In the face of a variety of emergency situations, a pet could be exposed to smoke, fire, water, or other noxious substances which require immediate care from an emergency veterinary facility.  Tissue trauma from heat, moisture, or chemicals may not be readily apparent from external evaluation.  Internal organs can quickly be damaged and cause life threatening malfunction of vital organs (brain, heart, and lungs).  Determination of the degree of organ system trauma may require diagnostics (x-rays, blood tests, etc) to permit the best treatment for your pet’s particular condition.
 
For the sake of the your health and that of your pet, I hope that you and your pet never forced to take action in dealing with an emergency.  As I have learned from my clinical practice, it is always is best to ready oneself and our pets for the unforeseeable by following the above recommendations as part of an emergency preparedness strategy.
 
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Photo Credit: GOES 11 Satellite Sees Pacific Ocean Basin After Japan Earthquake photo by NASA Goddard Photo and Video — Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic

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Copyright of this article (2011) is owned by Dr. Patrick Mahaney, Veterinarian and Certified Veterinary Acupuncturist. Republishing any portion of this article must first be authorized by Dr. Patrick Mahaney. Requests for republishing must be approved by Dr. Patrick Mahaney and received in written format.

{ 2 comments… read them below or add one }

sally March 12, 2011 at 8:38 PM

Thanks for such a timely and insightful blog Patrick. Some of thought about, like a good carrier and food. Some I need to think about more for my “kids”. One question, why do some pet meds need to be refrigerated? And would they be at risk if they were not refrigerated? Cardiff looks handsome in his life vest. But he is adorable.

Patrick Mahaney March 13, 2011 at 2:24 PM

Thank you for you comments Sally. Cardiff modeled the life vest a few summers back at my parent’s lake house in Massachusetts.
You brought up a very good question regarding medications that need refrigeration. As most refrigerated medications are kept in containers that can be readily transported, all we owners need is to remember to open our fridge and dash out the door. At the same time, keeping frozen packs and a small insulated carrier handy would help to ensure that the medication would stay cold for many hours after leaving its previous chilly confine. Hopefully, the medication could then be put back into an appropriately cold environment (and the frozen pack into the freezer) to extend the life of the medication.

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